Common NHS Hospital Departments (Explained By A Doctor)

Updated on: December 3, 2023
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Written By Dr Ollie

Every article is fact-checked by a medical professional. However, inaccuracies may still persist.

If you’ve ever been to an NHS hospital, you’ll have undoubtedly seen how many different departments and units there are!

If you’ve not got a bit of background knowledge, all these different divisions and subsections can quickly get confusing.

As an NHS doctor, I’ve tried to lay out here the most common departments in a hospital and give a brief overview of each- covering the type of patients and conditions that are seen in each department as well as what goes on in them.

Accident & Emergency (A&E)

The Accident and Emergency (A&E) Department is the frontline of any NHS hospital, serving as the initial point of contact for patients facing urgent or life-threatening conditions.

Open 24/7, this department is equipped to handle a wide range of medical crises, from severe accidents and heart attacks to sudden severe illness and trauma cases.

St Thomas' Hospital Emergency Department
St Thomas’ Hospital Emergency Department

Upon arrival, patients undergo a process known as “triage,” where medical staff quickly assess the severity of their condition to prioritise treatment.

Those with the most urgent needs—such as severe bleeding, respiratory issues, or cardiac events—are attended to immediately, while less critical cases may face a wait.

Common conditions seen in A&E include fractures, head injuries, chest pain indicative of cardiac issues, severe asthma attacks, and drug overdoses, among others.

Acute Medicine

An Acute Medicine Unit (AMU) is a hospital ward designed to handle a broad range of medical conditions that require immediate but not necessarily surgical intervention.

Unlike the Accident and Emergency Department, which primarily focuses on initial stabilisation, the AMU offers a more extensive range of diagnostics and treatments for patients in need of urgent care.

Patients are typically referred to the AMU either from A&E or directly from their GP.

The department specialises in the rapid assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of acute medical conditions such as pneumonia, severe infections, heart failure, and exacerbations of chronic conditions like COPD.

The AMU plays a pivotal role in easing the pressure on other hospital departments, particularly A&E, by providing an intermediary level of care.

This allows for better resource allocation and, more importantly, quicker treatment for patients.

Antenatal Care

Antenatal care is all about providing care for expectant mothers before childbirth.

The focus is on monitoring the health of both the mother and the developing foetus throughout the pregnancy, ensuring that any potential issues are identified and managed as early as possible.

Patients in this department are generally women in various stages of pregnancy, often referred by their GPs or midwives.

NHS Hospital Departments Pixel Infographic

Regular appointments offer comprehensive screenings, including ultrasound scans, blood tests, and consultations, to monitor foetal development and maternal well-being.

Common issues managed in the antenatal department include gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia, and any conditions that pose risks to either the mother or the unborn child.

The department is staffed by a multidisciplinary team that typically includes obstetricians, midwives, nurses, and sometimes paediatricians and dieticians.

Breast Surgery

Breast surgery is devoted to the diagnosis and surgical treatment of breast-related conditions, including both benign and malignant tumours.

This department often works closely with the Breast Screening and Oncology Departments to provide a comprehensive approach to breast health.

Patients typically referred to this department are those who have abnormalities detected during routine mammograms, those who discover lumps or experience other symptoms, and those who have been diagnosed with breast cancer.

Upon arrival, patients usually undergo a range of diagnostic tests, including additional mammography, ultrasound, and possibly a biopsy.

These tests help the medical team, which consists of surgeons, oncologists, radiologists, and nurses, to develop an individualised treatment plan.

Options might include lumpectomy, mastectomy, or other surgical interventions, often followed by radiotherapy or chemotherapy, depending on the nature and severity of the condition.

Cardiology

Cardiology is all about the heart, principally diagnosing and treating heart-related conditions.

Patients commonly referred to this department often have symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or irregular heartbeats.

Some may come through direct referral from their GPs, while others might be escalated from the Accident and Emergency Department after initial stabilisation.

The conditions frequently managed here include coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, and valvular heart diseases, among others.

State-of-the-art diagnostic tests, including ECGs, echocardiography, and stress tests, are commonly performed to determine the nature and severity of the cardiac issue.

Depending on the diagnosis, treatment can range from medication and lifestyle changes to more advanced interventions like angioplasty, stent placement, or even open-heart surgery.

Dialysis Unit

The Dialysis Unit in an NHS hospital specialises in providing lifesaving dialysis treatments for patients suffering from kidney failure.

In the absence of functional kidneys, the body is unable to adequately filter waste and balance fluids, making dialysis an essential intervention to mimic these functions artificially.

Patients who frequent this department often have chronic kidney disease that has advanced to later stages, or acute kidney injury requiring immediate attention.

They may be referred by their nephrologists or come via the A&E in emergency situations.

This department often collaborates with the nutrition and pharmacy departments to ensure that patients are also adhering to a renal-friendly diet and medication regimen.

Endocrinology

The Endocrinology Department in an NHS hospital focuses on diagnosing and treating conditions related to the endocrine system, which comprises glands that produce hormones.

These hormones regulate a wide range of bodily functions, from metabolism and growth to mood and reproductive health.

Patients commonly referred to this department may experience issues like diabetes, thyroid disorders, adrenal insufficiency, or hormonal imbalances related to reproductive health.

Diagnostic procedures in the Endocrinology Department often include blood tests to measure hormone levels, imaging tests like ultrasound or MRI for gland evaluation, and occasionally more specific tests like thyroid scans or adrenal function tests.

Based on the diagnosis, treatments can range from hormone replacement therapies to medications that either stimulate or inhibit hormone production.

ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat)

ENT, as the name suggests, is a specialty dedicated to diagnosing and treating disorders related to the head and neck region.

This encompasses a variety of conditions affecting the ears, nose, sinuses, throat, voice box, and even the facial structure.

A boy with a broken nose being examined by a doctor while being held by his mum
A doctor examining a little boy’s nose

Patients visiting this department may come with a variety of issues such as hearing loss, chronic sinusitis, tonsillitis, and voice disorders.

Diagnostic procedures commonly employed include audiometry tests for hearing assessment, endoscopy for visual examination of the throat, and imaging tests like CT scans for more complicated cases.

Treatment options vary based on the condition but may range from medication and minor procedures to surgical interventions like tonsillectomy or sinus surgery.

Gastroenterology

A gastroenterology department specialises in diagnosing and treating disorders related to the digestive system, which includes the oesophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, intestines, and rectum.

This department offers targeted care for a myriad of gastrointestinal (GI) issues that impact patients’ quality of life.

Patients commonly seen in this department suffer from conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD), liver diseases, and gastrointestinal cancers.

Diagnostic tests such as endoscopy, colonoscopy, and liver function tests are frequently used to identify the underlying issue.

Whether through managing chronic conditions or treating acute GI issues, the Gastroenterology Department plays a vital role in maintaining the digestive health of patients.

General Surgery

General surgery is a versatile specialty responsible for performing a wide array of surgical procedures that primarily focus on the abdominal area, skin, soft tissues, and endocrine system.

Unlike specialised surgical departments that hone in on specific body systems, the General Surgery Department provides a more encompassing range of services.

Patients who come to this department often require surgeries for conditions such as hernias, appendicitis, gallbladder issues, and some forms of cancer like breast and colon cancer.

Some surgeries are elective and planned in advance, while others may be urgent or emergent cases transferred from the A&E Department.

Diagnostic tools, including imaging studies like X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs, are commonly used to identify the surgical issue.

Post-diagnosis, patients undergo surgery performed by skilled surgeons, aided by a multidisciplinary team of anaesthetists, surgical nurses, and other healthcare providers.

Geriatrics

Geriatrics focuses on the comprehensive healthcare needs of the elderly, typically those who are 65 years of age or older.

This area of medicine aims to address the unique challenges faced by older adults, including multi-morbidity, functional decline, and complex medication regimens.

Patients in this department often present with a range of age-related conditions such as dementia, arthritis, osteoporosis, and frailty, as well as cardiovascular, pulmonary, and metabolic diseases that require specialised care.

Diagnosis and treatment in the Geriatrics Department often involve a multidisciplinary approach.

Comprehensive assessments may include cognitive and functional evaluations, medication reviews, and screenings for age-related risks like falls.

The medical team, consisting of geriatricians, nurses, physical therapists, social workers, and other specialists, collaborates to develop an individualised care plan that not only treats medical conditions but also focuses on improving the patient’s quality of life.

Haematology

Haematology is dedicated to the study and treatment of blood and blood-forming tissues, addressing conditions ranging from benign to malignant.

This specialised department provides comprehensive care for patients dealing with a wide array of blood disorders.

Common conditions treated in this department include anaemia, bleeding disorders like haemophilia, clotting conditions such as thrombosis, and various forms of leukaemia and lymphoma.

A patient having their blood taken in hospital
A patient having their blood taken in hospital

Diagnostic procedures in this department are quite varied, often starting with full blood counts (FBC) and moving to more specialised tests like bone marrow biopsies or flow cytometry.

The treatment strategies are equally diverse, encompassing medication regimens, blood transfusions, stem cell transplants, and chemotherapy, depending on the specific condition and its severity.

Hepatology

Hepatology is the area of medicine focused on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of liver diseases.

Given that the liver plays a vital role in many bodily functions—from digestion and nutrient storage to detoxification—the department is crucial for managing complex liver conditions.

Patients typically seen in this department suffer from a variety of liver disorders such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and fatty liver disease.

Some may also be dealing with liver failure or awaiting liver transplantation.

Diagnostic methods commonly used in hepatology include liver function tests, liver biopsies, and imaging studies like ultrasound or MRI scans.

Treatment plans can range from antiviral medications for chronic hepatitis to more aggressive interventions like liver transplants for severe cirrhosis or cancer.

ICU (Intensive Care Unit)

The Intensive Care Unit (ICU or sometimes ITU) in an NHS hospital is a critical care department designed for the monitoring and treatment of patients with life-threatening conditions.

Patients admitted to the ICU are typically those who require close observation and high-level medical care.

Common conditions treated include severe respiratory distress, multiple organ failure, acute heart conditions, sepsis, and major post-operative complications.

Patients may arrive at the ICU directly from the Emergency Department or be transferred from other departments within the hospital when their condition deteriorates.

Within the ICU, every aspect of a patient’s medical condition is meticulously monitored.

Specialised equipment such as mechanical ventilators, dialysis machines, and constant cardiac monitors are routinely used to support essential bodily functions.

Intensive medical interventions, including drug therapy and sometimes surgical procedures, are performed as needed.

Maxillofacial Surgery

A maxillofacial surgery department almost straddles the divide between medicine and dentistry.

Doctors working in this department specialise in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects involving the head, neck, face, jaws, and the hard and soft tissues of the mouth.

Patients seeking treatment in this department usually have conditions that require surgical intervention for the mouth and jaws, facial trauma, or complex dental issues.

Common conditions treated include oral cancer, impacted wisdom teeth, jaw deformities, cleft lip and palate, and facial injuries from accidents or violence.

Diagnostic procedures often involve a variety of imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs, as well as tissue biopsies for suspected malignancies.

Treatment plans can range from minor outpatient procedures to extensive surgical reconstruction or cancer surgery.

Neonatal Unit

A neonatal department in an NHS hospital is committed to the care of newborns, particularly those who are premature, underweight, or require intensive medical attention for other reasons.

This unit is a critical part of maternity and paediatric care and is usually situated close to the maternity ward for seamless transitions of care.

The primary patients of this department are newborns facing various challenges such as premature birth, low birth weight, congenital abnormalities, and respiratory distress.

Some babies are admitted immediately after birth, while others may be transferred from other hospitals or departments that lack specialised neonatal care facilities.

Advanced equipment like incubators, ventilators, and specialised feeding devices are commonly used to simulate the womb’s environment and support the infant’s development.

Neurology

Neurologists specialise in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disorders affecting the nervous system.

This includes conditions involving the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and muscles. The department is often a hub of advanced diagnostic technology and multidisciplinary expertise.

Patients seen in a neurology department commonly present with a wide range of neurological issues such as epilepsy, stroke, multiple sclerosis, migraines, and Parkinson’s disease.

Some may also be dealing with more acute conditions like traumatic brain injuries or spinal cord damage.

Diagnostic procedures frequently employed include electroencephalograms (EEGs), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and lumbar punctures, among others.

Treatment can vary significantly depending on the condition, ranging from medication management for chronic issues like epilepsy to surgical interventions for conditions such as brain tumours.

Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery departments are focused on the surgical treatment of diseases affecting the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.

This department is often considered one of the most technologically advanced areas within a hospital, utilising cutting-edge surgical techniques and equipment.

Patients who find themselves in the Neurosurgery Department often face serious, life-altering conditions such as brain tumours, aneurysms, spinal disc herniations, and traumatic brain or spinal injuries.

Some patients are directly referred from the Emergency Department after accidents, while others may be referred by neurologists or other specialists for elective procedures.

The treatment often involves complex surgical interventions, sometimes utilising robotic-assisted surgery or real-time imaging guidance to optimise outcomes.

The healthcare team comprises neurosurgeons, anaesthetists, and specialised nurses, but often overlaps with professionals from the Neurology Department, ensuring a comprehensive approach to patient care.

Obstetrics And Gynaecology

Obstetrics and Gynaecology concerns the medical care of women at all stages of their lives, particularly during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period.

Common patients include pregnant women requiring prenatal care, labour and delivery services, as well as those needing postpartum follow-up.

The department also sees women for routine gynaecological exams and those dealing with conditions like endometriosis, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and gynaecological cancers. Additionally, it offers family planning and infertility services.

Diagnostic procedures commonly utilised range from ultrasound imaging during pregnancy to specialised tests like laparoscopies for gynaecological conditions.

Treatments can vary widely—from medication and lifestyle changes for conditions like PCOS to surgical interventions for issues like ovarian cysts or cancers.

Oncology

An Oncology department is dedicated to the comprehensive care and treatment of patients with cancer.

This department is at the forefront of cancer research, diagnosis, and treatment, often incorporating the latest advancements in medical technology and therapeutic options.

Patients who come to the Oncology Department are usually those who have been diagnosed with various types of cancers, including but not limited to breast, lung, colorectal, and prostate cancer.

Diagnostic procedures in this department are thorough and may include CT scans, MRIs, PET scans, and tissue biopsies.

A doctor explaining a CT scan to a work experience student
CT scans are frequently used to evaluate oncology patients

Based on these evaluations, treatment plans are customised for each patient and may involve a combination of therapies such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy.

The healthcare team is multidisciplinary, featuring oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, nurses specialising in cancer care, and other allied health professionals like dieticians and social workers.

This collaborative approach aims to offer not just medical treatment but also psychological and emotional support, ensuring a holistic approach to cancer care.

Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of eye conditions and visual disorders.

This specialised unit employs the latest technologies and techniques to provide comprehensive eye care, from routine check-ups to intricate surgical procedures.

Patients who visit this department typically have conditions affecting their eyes or vision.

These can range from common issues like myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism, to more complex conditions like cataracts, glaucoma, retinal disorders, and eye injuries.

In some instances, ophthalmological evaluation is essential for diagnosing systemic diseases like diabetes or hypertension, which can manifest initial symptoms in the eyes.

Diagnostic tools commonly used include slit-lamp examinations, eye pressure measurements, and visual field tests.

Treatment modalities vary widely, from prescription eyeglasses and eye drops for less severe conditions to laser treatments and surgical interventions for more complicated issues.

Trauma And Orthopaedics

The Trauma and Orthopaedics Department in an NHS hospital specialises in the treatment of injuries to the musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.

The department plays a critical role in managing both acute trauma cases, such as fractures and dislocations, and chronic conditions like osteoarthritis and spinal disorders.

Patients typically arrive at this department either via emergency referral following accidents or through planned visits for ongoing issues like degenerative diseases or congenital conditions.

Whether it’s a child with a broken arm from a playground fall, a construction worker with a back injury, or an older adult requiring a hip replacement, this department offers a comprehensive range of services.

Diagnostic procedures often involve X-rays, CT scans, MRIs, and other imaging studies to precisely determine the nature and extent of the injury or condition.

Treatment may range from non-surgical interventions like casts, braces, and physiotherapy, to more complex surgical procedures such as joint replacements or spinal fusions.

Palliative Care

Palliative care focuses on providing comprehensive support for patients with serious, often terminal, illnesses.

The aim is not just to manage symptoms but also to improve the overall quality of life for both patients and their families.

The department often collaborates with other medical disciplines to offer a holistic treatment approach that addresses the physical, emotional, and spiritual aspects of care.

Patients who typically receive palliative care are those suffering from chronic or life-limiting conditions, such as advanced cancer, heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

The service is not limited to end-of-life care but can be offered at any stage of a serious illness to alleviate symptoms and improve well-being.

Treatment plans are customised and may include medications for pain and symptom management, psychological and emotional support, and therapies like massage or acupuncture.

Complex ethical discussions about end-of-life choices and advance care planning also fall within the scope of this department.

Paediatrics

Paediatricians are dedicated to the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, typically ranging from birth up to 18 years old.

A paediatrics department is focused on providing age-appropriate healthcare that addresses the unique physiological and psychological needs of younger patients.

Children who are seen in this department may have a wide range of conditions — from common ailments like asthma, infections, and minor injuries, to more complex and chronic issues such as congenital disorders, autoimmune diseases, and childhood cancers.

Diagnostic methods in paediatrics often require specialised equipment and techniques suitable for younger patients.

Treatment protocols are designed to be child-friendly, involving not only medical interventions but also behavioural and psychological support to ease the stress and anxiety that can accompany a hospital visit.

The healthcare team in this department is multi-disciplinary, involving paediatricians, nurses specialised in child care, child life specialists, psychologists, and other support staff trained to create a child-friendly environment.

Plastic Surgery

The Plastic Surgery Department in an NHS hospital is specialised in repairing, reconstructing, and enhancing various parts of the body.

While many associate plastic surgery primarily with cosmetic enhancements, it’s important to note that the field encompasses a much broader range of medical treatments.

Patients coming to this department may require reconstructive surgery following trauma, burns, or cancer surgeries. Procedures may include skin grafts, tissue flaps, or reconstructive microsurgery. Other common treatments address congenital anomalies like cleft lips and palates, as well as functional issues such as hand surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome or injuries.

Of course, some patients do seek cosmetic treatments for aesthetic concerns, but these are usually not covered by the NHS unless there is a proven psychological or physical need for the intervention.

Examples might include breast reduction surgeries for back pain relief or surgical repair of significant scars.

Psychiatry

Psychiatry is all about the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioural disorders.

Patients who visit a psychiatry department may suffer from a wide range of conditions, including depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and more.

The department also offers specialised care for substance abuse, eating disorders, and various forms of psychosis.

Assessment usually involves detailed interviews, psychological testing, and, when necessary, neuroimaging studies like MRI or CT scans to rule out other medical conditions.

Treatment is multi-faceted and may include medication management, psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioural treatments, and sometimes, in severe cases, inpatient hospitalisation for more intensive care.

Renal

The Renal Department, often referred to as the Nephrology Unit in some NHS hospitals, specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney disorders.

The kidneys are vital organs that filter waste products, regulate blood pressure, and maintain electrolyte balance. When they malfunction, the consequences can be severe, affecting multiple bodily systems.

Patients who come to the Renal Department often suffer from conditions such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), acute kidney injury, kidney stones, and various forms of nephritis.

A typical hospital ward
Renal or nephrology departments are just two different ways to refer to the kidneys

The department is also responsible for managing dialysis treatment—both haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis—for patients with advanced kidney failure.

Diagnostic tools in the department include blood tests to assess kidney function, urine tests, renal ultrasound, and in some cases, a kidney biopsy.

Based on the diagnosis, treatment can range from medication management to lifestyle modifications like diet and fluid restrictions.

Respiratory

Respiratory medicine focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases affecting the lungs and respiratory system.

This specialty is crucial for tackling a range of conditions that impact breathing and oxygenation, two vital life processes.

Common conditions treated in this department include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, lung cancer, and interstitial lung diseases.

The department also plays a key role in the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and ventilator support for critically ill patients in the Intensive Care Unit.

Diagnostic tools often employed here include spirometry tests, chest X-rays, CT scans, and bronchoscopies.

Treatments may range from medication therapies like inhalers and nebulisers to more invasive procedures such as bronchial thermoplasty for severe asthma or surgical interventions for lung cancer.

Pulmonology and thoracic surgery specialists also often collaborate for cases requiring surgical intervention.

Rheumatology

A rheumatology department in an NHS hospital is dedicated to diagnosing and managing diseases that affect joints, muscles, and connective tissues.

This specialty often involves a range of conditions collectively referred to as rheumatic diseases, which can include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and gout, among others.

Patients coming to this department often experience symptoms like joint pain, stiffness, inflammation, and reduced mobility.

In some instances, rheumatic diseases may also impact other organs such as the heart, lungs, or kidneys, requiring a multidisciplinary approach to care.

Diagnostic methods frequently employed include blood tests for inflammation markers, X-rays, MRI, and occasionally, joint aspiration or biopsy.

Treatment often involves a combination of medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle modification. Medications can range from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to more advanced treatments like biologics.

Stroke Medicine

A stroke unit is dedicated to the rapid diagnosis, treatment, and management of stroke and transient ischaemic attacks (TIAs), often referred to as “mini-strokes.”

Time is of the essence in stroke care, as prompt intervention can significantly reduce brain damage and improve outcomes.

Patients arriving with suspected stroke are quickly assessed using diagnostic tests like CT scans or MRI, along with clinical evaluations.

The department commonly treats conditions like ischaemic stroke, caused by blood clots, and hemorrhagic stroke, resulting from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain.

Treatments may involve clot-dissolving medications, surgery to relieve intracranial pressure, or procedures to repair vascular abnormalities.

The healthcare team typically includes stroke specialists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and specialised nurses trained in acute stroke care.

After the acute phase, a multidisciplinary team involving physiotherapists, occupational therapists, and speech-language pathologists often takes over to aid in the rehabilitation process.

Urology

The Urology Department in an NHS hospital specialises in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of conditions affecting the urinary tract in men and women, as well as the male reproductive system.

This department handles a broad range of conditions, including urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney stones, incontinence, and various forms of cancer affecting the kidneys, bladder, or prostate.

Patients may be referred to the urology department for symptoms like painful urination, blood in the urine, or lower abdominal pain.

Treatments in this department can range from medication and minimally invasive procedures like laser therapy for kidney stones to more complex surgeries like prostatectomies for prostate cancer.

Vascular Surgery

Vascular surgery focuses on diagnosing, treating, and managing conditions that affect the arteries, veins, and lymphatic system.

This specialised unit is crucial for handling a variety of vascular issues, including aneurysms, carotid artery disease, and peripheral vascular disease, among others.

Patients often come to this department with symptoms like leg pain, swelling, or wounds that don’t heal—signs that could indicate circulatory problems.

Diagnostic procedures frequently used include ultrasound, angiography, and MRI scans to visualise the blood vessels and assess blood flow.

Treatment options are diverse, ranging from lifestyle modifications and medication to manage conditions like hypertension or high cholesterol, to more complex interventions like angioplasty or surgical bypass.

For critical conditions like aortic aneurysms, immediate surgical intervention is often required to prevent rupture and life-threatening internal bleeding.

Final Thoughts

NHS hospitals offer a wide array of specialised departments, each focused on specific areas of healthcare.

From urgent care needs in Accident and Emergency to specialised fields like urology or oncology, these departments work in a coordinated manner to provide comprehensive healthcare services.

Hopefully, this article has shed a bit of light on what happens in each of an NHS hospital’s departments and so will leave you better-armed to tackle your next healthcare experience.

About the author
After studying medicine at the University of Leicester, Dr Ollie now works as a junior doctor in London. His interests include medical education and expedition medicine, as well as having a strong belief in the importance of widening access to medicine.